The present paper presents the results of the investigations carried out among the students of mathematics of Łódź University, concerning individual techniques of reading and analysing a mathematical text. These results point out that young people taking up their studies do not bring away from the secondary school any skill in reading a scientific text. It is only in the course of the studies that they labour their own methods of work. The techniques of work of students of higher years and very good students are considerably closer to the model techniques presented in the paper. Some of the failures in the learning of students of lower years result from the ignorance of effective ways of learning. It is therefore worth while for the academic teachers to devote already during the first years of studies, more attention to acquainting their students with the methods of working on a mathematical text and to bring them into the arcana of the effective studying.