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2016 | 36 | 4 | 899-913
Tytuł artykułu

The Dynamics of the Forest Graph Operator

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In 1966, Cummins introduced the “tree graph”: the tree graph T(G) of a graph G (possibly infinite) has all its spanning trees as vertices, and distinct such trees correspond to adjacent vertices if they differ in just one edge, i.e., two spanning trees T1 and T2 are adjacent if T2 = T1 − e + f for some edges e ∈ T1 and f ∉ T1. The tree graph of a connected graph need not be connected. To obviate this difficulty we define the “forest graph”: let G be a labeled graph of order α, finite or infinite, and let N(G) be the set of all labeled maximal forests of G. The forest graph of G, denoted by F(G), is the graph with vertex set N(G) in which two maximal forests F1, F2 of G form an edge if and only if they differ exactly by one edge, i.e., F2 = F1 − e + f for some edges e ∈ F1 and f ∉ F1. Using the theory of cardinal numbers, Zorn’s lemma, transfinite induction, the axiom of choice and the well-ordering principle, we determine the F-convergence, F-divergence, F-depth and F-stability of any graph G. In particular it is shown that a graph G (finite or infinite) is F-convergent if and only if G has at most one cycle of length 3. The F-stable graphs are precisely K3 and K1. The F-depth of any graph G different from K3 and K1 is finite. We also determine various parameters of F(G) for an infinite graph G, including the number, order, size, and degree of its components.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
36
Numer
4
Strony
899-913
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2016-11-01
otrzymano
2015-07-31
poprawiono
2016-01-06
zaakceptowano
2016-01-06
online
2016-10-21
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Mathematical and Computational Sciences National Institute of Technology Karnataka Surathkal, Mangalore-575025,, suresh.dara@gmail.com
autor
  • Department of Mathematical and Computational Sciences National Institute of Technology Karnataka Surathkal, Mangalore-575025,, smhegde@nitk.ac.in
  • C.R. Rao Advanced Institute of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science Hyderabad-500 046,, venky477@gmail.com
autor
  • C. R. Rao Advanced Institute of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science Hyderabad-500 046,, siddanib@yahoo.co.in
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_7151_dmgt_1901
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