The Quest for A Characterization of Hom-Properties of Finite Character
A graph property is a set of (countable) graphs. A homomorphism from a graph G to a graph H is an edge-preserving map from the vertex set of G into the vertex set of H; if such a map exists, we write G → H. Given any graph H, the hom-property →H is the set of H-colourable graphs, i.e., the set of all graphs G satisfying G → H. A graph property P is of finite character if, whenever we have that F ∈ P for every finite induced subgraph F of a graph G, then we have that G ∈ P too. We explore some of the relationships of the property attribute of being of finite character to other property attributes such as being finitely-induced-hereditary, being finitely determined, and being axiomatizable. We study the hom-properties of finite character, and prove some necessary and some sufficient conditions on H for →H to be of finite character. A notable (but known) sufficient condition is that H is a finite graph, and our new model-theoretic proof of this compactness result extends from hom-properties to all axiomatizable properties. In our quest to find an intrinsic characterization of those H for which →H is of finite character, we find an example of an infinite connected graph with no finite core and chromatic number 3 but with hom-property not of finite character.
- Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics University of Pretoria Pretoria, South Africa, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics University of Pretoria Pretoria, South Africa, email@example.com
- Emeritus, Department of Mathematical Sciences University of South Africa Pretoria, South Africa, firstname.lastname@example.org