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2014 | 34 | 3 | 467-495
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Induced Acyclic Tournaments in Random Digraphs: Sharp Concentration, Thresholds and Algorithms

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Given a simple directed graph D = (V,A), let the size of the largest induced acyclic tournament be denoted by mat(D). Let D ∈ D(n, p) (with p = p(n)) be a random instance, obtained by randomly orienting each edge of a random graph drawn from Ϟ(n, 2p). We show that mat(D) is asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s.) one of only 2 possible values, namely either b*or b* + 1, where b* = ⌊2(logrn) + 0.5⌋ and r = p−1. It is also shown that if, asymptotically, 2(logrn) + 1 is not within a distance of w(n)/(ln n) (for any sufficiently slow w(n) → ∞) from an integer, then mat(D) is ⌊2(logrn) + 1⌋ a.a.s. As a consequence, it is shown that mat(D) is 1-point concentrated for all n belonging to a subset of positive integers of density 1 if p is independent of n. It is also shown that there are functions p = p(n) for which mat(D) is provably not concentrated in a single value. We also establish thresholds (on p) for the existence of induced acyclic tournaments of size i which are sharp for i = i(n) → ∞. We also analyze a polynomial time heuristic and show that it produces a solution whose size is at least logrn + Θ(√logrn). Our results are valid as long as p ≥ 1/n. All of these results also carry over (with some slight changes) to a related model which allows 2-cycles
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  • The Institute of Mathematical Sciences Taramani, Chennai–600113, India,
  • The Institute of Mathematical Sciences Taramani, Chennai–600113, India,
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