This paper addresses the problem of robust fault-tolerant control design scheme for a class of Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems subject to interval time-varying delay and external disturbances. First, by using improved delay partitioning approach, a novel n-steps iterative learning fault estimation observer under H ∞ constraint is constructed to achieve estimation of actuator fault. Then, based on the online estimation information, a fuzzy dynamic output feedback fault-tolerant controller considered interval time delay is designed to compensate for the impact of actuator faults, while guaranteing that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable with the prescribed H ∞ performance. Moreover, all the obtained less conservative sufficient conditions for the existence of fault estimation observer and fault-tolerant controller are formulated in terms of linear matrix inequalities. Finally, the numerical examples and simulation results are presented to show the effectiveness and merits of the proposed methods.