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On the analysis of boundary value problems in nonsmooth domains

Rozprawy Matematyczne tom/nr w serii: 462 wydano: 2009
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Problems involving cracks are of particular importance in structural mechanics, and gave rise to many interesting mathematical techniques to treat them. The difficulties stem from the singularities of domains, which yield lower regularity of solutions. Of particular interest are techniques which allow us to identify cracks and defects from the mechanical properties. Long before advent of mathematical modeling in structural mechanics, defects were identified by the fact that they changed the sound of a piece of material when struck. These techniques have been refined over the years. This volume gives a compilation of recent mathematical methods used in the solution of problems involving cracks, in particular problems of shape optimization. It is based on a collection of recent papers in this area and reflects the work of many authors, namely Gilles Frémiot (Nancy), Werner Horn (Northridge), Jiří Jarušek (Prague), Alexander Khludnev (Novosibirsk), Antoine Laurain (Graz), Murali Rao (Gainesville), Jan Sokołowski (Nancy) and Carol Ann Shubin (Northridge). We review the techniques which can be used for numerical analysis and shape optimization of problems with cracks and of the associated variational inequalities. The mathematical results include sensitivity analysis of variational inequalities, based on the concept of conical differential introduced by Mignot. We complete results on conical differentiability obtained for obstacle problems, by results derived for cracks with non-penetration condition and parabolic variational inequalities. Numerical methods for some problems are given as an illustration. From the point of view of applied mathematics numerical analysis is a necessary ingredient of applicability of the models proposed. We also extend the result on conical differentiability to the case of some evolution variational inequalities. The same mathematical model can be represented in different ways, like primal, dual or mixed formulations for an elliptic problem. We use such possibilities for models with cracks. For the shape sensitivity analysis, in Chapters 1 to 3 we give a thorough introduction to the use of first and second order shape derivatives and their application to problems involving cracks.
In Chapter 1, for the convenience of the reader, we provide classical results on shape sensitivity analysis in smooth domains.
In Chapter 2, the results on the first order Eulerian semi-derivative in domains with cracks are presented. Of particular interest is the so-called structure theorem for the shape derivative.
In Chapter 3, the results on the Fréchet derivative in domains with cracks are presented as well, for first and second order derivatives, using a technique different from that in Chapter 2.
In Chapter 4, we extend those ideas to Banach spaces, and give some applications of this extended theory. The polyhedricity of convex sets is considered in the spirit of [71], [87], in the most general setting. These abstract results can be applied to sensitivity analysis of crack problems with non-linear boundary conditions. The results obtained use non-linear potential theory and are interesting on their own.
In Chapter 5, several techniques for the study of cracked domains with non-penetration conditions on the crack faces in elastic bodies are presented. The classical crack theory in elasticity is characterized by linear boundary conditions which do not correspond to the physical reality since the crack faces can penetrate each other in this model. In this chapter, non-penetration conditions on the crack faces are considered, which leads to a non-linear problem. The model is presented and the shape sensitivity analysis is performed.
Chapter 6 is devoted to the newly developed smooth domain method for cracks. In that chapter the problem on a domain with a crack is transformed into a new problem on a smooth domain. This approach is useful for numerical methods. In \cite{belh} this formulation is used combined with mixed finite elements, and some error estimates are derived for the finite element approximation of variational inequalities with non-linear condition on the crack faces. We give applications of this method to some classical problems.
Finally, in Chapter 7 we study integro-differential equations arising from bridged crack models. This is a classical technique, but we introduce a few modern approaches to it for completeness sake.
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Rozprawy Matematyczne tom/nr w serii: 462
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  • Institut Elie Cartan, Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université Henri Poincaré Nancy I, B.P. 239, 54506 Vandoeuvre lès Nancy Cedex, France
  • Department of Mathematics, 358 Little Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
  • Institut für Mathematik und wissenschaftliches Rechnen, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Heinrichstraße 36, 8010 Graz, Austria
  • Department of Mathematics, 358 Little Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
  • Institut Elie Cartan, Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université Henri Poincaré Nancy I, B.P. 239, 54506 Vandoeuvre lès Nancy Cedex, France
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