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1996 | 121 | 1 | 87-104
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An uncertainty principle related to the Poisson summation formula

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We prove a class of uncertainty principles of the form $∥S_{g}f∥_{1} ≤ C(∥x^{a}f∥_{p} + ∥ω^{b}f̂∥_{q})$, where $S_{g}f$ is the short time Fourier transform of f. We obtain a characterization of the range of parameters a,b,p,q for which such an uncertainty principle holds. Counter-examples are constructed using Gabor expansions and unimodular polynomials. These uncertainty principles relate the decay of f and f̂ to their behaviour in phase space. Two applications are given: (a) If such an inequality holds, then the Poisson summation formula is valid with absolute convergence of both sums. (b) The validity of an uncertainty principle implies sufficient conditions on a symbol σ such that the corresponding pseudodifferential operator is of trace class.
  • Department of Mathematics U-9, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3009, U.S.A.
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