Let 𝒜 be a Banach algebra over ℂ with unit 1 and 𝑓: ℂ → ℂ an entire function. Let 𝐟: 𝒜 → 𝒜 be defined by
𝐟(a) = 𝑓(a) (a ∈ 𝒜),
where 𝑓(a) is given by the usual analytic calculus. The connections between the periods of 𝑓 and the periods of 𝐟 are settled by a theorem of E. Vesentini. We give a new proof of this theorem and investigate further properties of periods of 𝐟, for example in C*-algebras.