We define and compare a selection of congruence properties of quasivarieties, including the relative congruence meet semi-distributivity, RSD(∧), and the weak extension property, WEP. We prove that if 𝒦 ⊆ ℒ ⊆ ℒ' are quasivarieties of finite signature, and ℒ' is finitely generated while 𝒦 ⊨ WEP, then 𝒦 is finitely axiomatizable relative to ℒ. We prove for any quasivariety 𝒦 that 𝒦 ⊨ RSD(∧) iff 𝒦 has pseudo-complemented congruence lattices and 𝒦 ⊨ WEP. Applying these results and other results proved by M. Maróti and R. McKenzie [Studia Logica 78 (2004)] we prove that a finitely generated quasivariety ℒ of finite signature is finitely axiomatizable provided that ℒ satisfies RSD(∧), or that ℒ is relatively congruence modular and is included in a residually small congruence modular variety. This yields as a corollary the full version of R. Willard's theorem for quasivarieties and partially proves a conjecture of D. Pigozzi. Finally, we provide a quasi-Maltsev type characterization for RSD(∧) quasivarieties and supply an algorithm for recognizing when the quasivariety generated by a finite set of finite algebras satisfies RSD(∧).