We study unbounded harmonic functions for a second order differential operator on a homogeneous manifold of negative curvature which is a semidirect product of a nilpotent Lie group N and A = ℝ⁺. We prove that if F is harmonic and satisfies some growth condition then F has an asymptotic expansion as a → 0 with coefficients from 𝓓'(N). Then we single out a set of at most two of these coefficients which determine F.
Then using asymptotic expansions we are able to prove some theorems answering partially the following question. Is a given harmonic function the Poisson integral of "something" from the boundary N?