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2011 | 93 | 1 | 129-144
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Almost-graded central extensions of Lax operator algebras

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Lax operator algebras constitute a new class of infinite dimensional Lie algebras of geometric origin. More precisely, they are algebras of matrices whose entries are meromorphic functions on a compact Riemann surface. They generalize classical current algebras and current algebras of Krichever-Novikov type. Lax operators for 𝔤𝔩(n), with the spectral parameter on a Riemann surface, were introduced by Krichever. In joint works of Krichever and Sheinman their algebraic structure was revealed and extended to more general groups. These algebras are almost-graded. In this article their definition is recalled and classification and uniqueness results for almost-graded central extensions for this new class of algebras are presented. The explicit forms of the defining cocycles are given. If the finite-dimensional Lie algebra on which the Lax operator algebra is based is simple then, up to equivalence and rescaling of the central element, there is a unique non-trivial almost-graded central extension. Some results are joint work with Oleg Sheinman.
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  • Mathematics Research Unit, FSTC, University of Luxembourg, 6, rue Coudenhove-Kalergi, L-1359 Luxembourg-Kirchberg
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