The present article is a survey of known results on Schur and operator multipliers. It starts with the classical description of Schur multipliers due to Grothendieck, followed by a discussion of measurable Schur multipliers and a generalisation of Grothendieck's Theorem due to Peller. Thereafter, a non-commutative version of Schur multipliers, called operator multipliers and introduced by Kissin and Schulman, is discussed, and a characterisation extending the description in the commutative case is presented. Finally, multidimensional versions of Schur and operator multipliers are considered. The article contains a brief discussion of some applications of Schur multipliers, including double operator integrals and multipliers of group algebras.