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1999 | 50 | 1 | 41-59
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Some geometrical properties of infinite-dimensional bilinear controlled systems

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The study of controlled infinite-dimensional systems gives rise to many papers (see for instance [GXL], [GXB], [X]) but it is also motivated by various mathematical problems: partial differential equations ([BP]), sub-Riemannian geometry on infinite-dimensional manifolds ([Gr]), deformations in loop-spaces ([AP], [PS]). The first difference between finite and infinite-dimensional cases is that solutions in general do not exist (even locally) for every given control function. The aim of this paper is to study "infinite bilinear systems" on Hilbert spaces for which such a solution always exists. Moreover, to this particular class of controlled systems a nilpotent Lie algebra of degree 2 is naturally associated. On the other hand, given a Hilbertian nilpotent Lie algebra G of degree 2 we can associate to it in a natural way a bilinear system corresponding to left invariant distributions on a connected Lie groups G whose Lie algebra is G. The first result we obtain is an accessibility one which can be considered as a version of Chow's theorem in this situation. If we consider infinite-dimensional time optimal controlled systems the optimal trajectories are always abnormal curves which can be defined as in the finite-dimensional case. The second result of this paper is to give a "localization" of such curves: each of them is actually "normal" in some induced system on a submanifold. Finally we illustrate these results in the case of classical infinite generalized Heisenberg algebras.
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  • Université de Savoie, LAMA Campus Scientifique, 73 376 Le Bourget du Lac cedex, France
  • Université de Savoie, LAMA Campus Scientifique, 73 376 Le Bourget du Lac cedex, France
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