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1997 | 41 | 2 | 155-162
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A xylophone detector in space

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We discuss spacecraft Doppler tracking for detecting gravitational waves in which Doppler data recorded on the ground are linearly combined with Doppler measurements made on board a spacecraft. By using the four-link radio system first proposed by Vessot and Levine [1] we derive a new method for removing from the combined data the frequency fluctuations due to the Earth troposphere, ionosphere, and mechanical vibrations of the antenna on the ground. This method also reduces the frequency fluctuations of the clock on board the spacecraft by several orders of magnitude at selected Fourier components, making Doppler tracking the equivalent of a xylophone detector of gravitational radiation [2]. In the assumption of calibrating the frequency fluctuations induced by the interplanetary plasma, a strain sensitivity equal to $4.7 × 10^{-18}$ at $10^{-3}$ Hz is estimated. This experimental technique could be extended to other tests of the theory of relativity, and to radio science experiments that rely on high-precision Doppler measurements.
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  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA, U.S.A.
  • [1] R. F. C. Vessot and M. W. Levine, Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 10, 181 (1979).
  • [2] M. Tinto, Phys. Rev. D. May 15, 1996.
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  • [8] J. D. Anderson et al., Astronautica, 5, pp. 43-61, 1978.
  • [9] J. W. Armstrong, In: Gravitational Wave Data Analysis, ed. Schutz, B. F., p. 153 (1989), (Dordrecht, Kluwer).
  • [10] L. L. Smarr, R. F. C. Vessot, C. A. Lundquist, R. Decher, and T. Piran, Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 15, 2 (1983).
  • [11] A. L. Riley, D. Antsos, J. W. Armstrong, P. Kinman, H. D. Wahlquist, B. Ber- totti, G. Comoretto, B. Pernice, G. Carnicella, and R. Giordani, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Report, Pasadena, California, January 22, (1990).
  • [12] LISA: Laser Interferometer Space Antenna for the detection and observation of gravitational waves. A Cornerstone Project in ESA's long term space science program Horizon 2000 Plus, Pre-Phase A Report, MPQ 208, (December 1995).
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