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2010 | 20 | 4 | 727-738
Tytuł artykułu

Efficient online handwritten Chinese character recognition system using a two-dimensional functional relationship model

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This paper presents novel feature extraction and classification methods for online handwritten Chinese character recognition (HCCR). The X-graph and Y-graph transformation is proposed for deriving a feature, which shows useful properties such as invariance to different writing styles. Central to the proposed method is the idea of capturing the geometrical and topological information from the trajectory of the handwritten character using the X-graph and the Y-graph. For feature size reduction, the Haar wavelet transformation was applied on the graphs. For classification, the coefficient of determination (R²ₚ) from the two-dimensional unreplicated linear functional relationship model is proposed as a similarity measure. The proposed methods show strong discrimination power when handling problems related to size, position and slant variation, stroke shape deformation, close resemblance of characters, and non-normalization. The proposed recognition system is applied to a database with 3000 frequently used Chinese characters, yielding a high recognition rate of 97.4% with reduced processing time of 75.31%, 73.05%, 58.27% and 40.69% when compared with recognition systems using the city block distance with deviation (CBDD), the minimum distance (MD), the compound Mahalanobis function (CMF) and the modified quadratic discriminant function (MQDF), respectively. High precision rates were also achieved.
Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
4
Strony
727-738
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2010
otrzymano
2009-11-28
poprawiono
2010-06-23
Twórcy
  • Department of Mathematical and Actuarial Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
autor
  • Department of Mathematical and Actuarial Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
  • Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Malaysia
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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